The Dublin II Regulation was adopted in 2003 and replaces the Dublin Convention in all EU Member States except Denmark, which has a derogation from the implementing regulations in the area of freedom, security and justice.  An agreement entered into force in 2006 with Denmark on the extension of the application of the Regulation to Denmark.  In a separate protocol, the agreement between Iceland and Norway was extended to Denmark in 2006.  The provisions of the Regulation were also extended by a treaty to third countries, Switzerland on 1 March 2008, which voted 54.6% in favour of ratification on 5 June 2005, and Liechtenstein on 1 April 2011 . Subsequently, this agreement became applicable to Denmark.  We want a close future partnership to address common challenges on asylum and illegal immigration. Section 17 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 requires the government to negotiate an agreement with the EU allowing unaccompanied children to apply for asylum in the EU to join family members legally residing in the UK if it is in their best interest. This obligation applies whether we leave the EU with or without an agreement. The implementation of transfers puts in place an agreement and we strive to negotiate such an agreement as quickly as possible. The Dublin Agreement is a mechanism within the European Union to determine which country is responsible for processing the asylum application of a person from a third country or a stateless person. They continue to apply to the UK during the transitional period of the Withdrawal Agreement, as part of the continued application of most EU legislation in the UK during this period, but this will end at the end of the year. Secondly, it entrusts responsibility to a State that has lawfully received an asylum seeker. The most important thing is that it then entrusts the responsibility to a state into which the asylum seeker first entered illegally, but this responsibility is extinguished after 12 months.
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